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A rare side-effect of fluoroquinolones
2 Department of Respiratory Medicine, QRG Health City, Faridabad, Haryana, India
Department of Respiratory Medicine, QRG Health City, Faridabad, Haryana
|How to cite this article:|
Kapoor S, Gera K, Chabbra GS. A rare side-effect of fluoroquinolones. Natl Med J India 2020;33:251
A 61-year-old male presented with complaints of pain over the left greater trochanter along with limping for 2 days. He had no other comorbid conditions including joint or tendon problems. There was no history of trauma. He had taken levofloxacin for an upper respiratory tract infection for 3 days before the onset of the above symptoms. He was not on any long-term medication including steroids. Physical examination revealed tenderness over the left greater trochanter but without erythema. MRI bilateral hip region [Figure - 1] showed mild-to-moderate hyperintensity involving tendons of the left gluteus medius and gluteus minimus near the insertion at the greater trochanter (marked by arrows) suggestive of tendinitis. It was diagnosed as levofloxacin-induced tendinitis due to the temporal relationship and absence of other causes (Naranjo scale score was 7: probable adverse drug reaction). Levofloxacin was stopped and he recovered fully within 10 days.
|Figure 1: MRI bilateral hip region: Coronal image (A: short inversion time inversion recovery sequence) and axial image (B: proton density fat-sat sequence) showed mild-to-moderate hyperintensity involving tendons of the left gluteus medius and gluteus minimus near the insertion site at greater trochanter (marked by arrows) suggestive of tendinitis|
Fluoroquinolone-induced tendinopathy or tendon rupture is a rare side-effect, occurring in 0.14%–0.4% of otherwise healthy controls. Ciprofloxacin and pefloxacin are the usual culprits; however, levofloxacin, ofloxacin and norfloxacin can also cause tendinopathy. Achilles’ tendon is the most commonly affected site in about 90% of patients. Although the mean time of onset of symptoms of tendinopathy is around 2 weeks after initiation of the offending drug, it can occur as early as 2 hours to as late as 6 months after starting the drug.
Conflicts of interest. None declared