Translate this page into:
Tongue tremor: An unusual presentation of Parkinson disease
2 Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Medicine, S.M.S. Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Department of Medicine, Dr S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
|How to cite this article:|
Kumar D, Bohra GK, Agarwal M. Tongue tremor: An unusual presentation of Parkinson disease. Natl Med J India 2018;31:308
A 56-year-old woman presented with complaints of decreased sleep, low mood but no history of tremor. A complete history and clinical examination were done, which revealed bradykinesia, mask-like face and significant tongue tremor (video available at www.nmji.in) in the resting state. Her relevant investigations and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain were normal. We started levodopa plus carbidopa for her problems and there was improvement in her sleep, mood, tongue tremors and bradykinesia.
|Figure 1: Tongue tremor in Parkinson disease (video available at www.nmji.in)|
Parkinson disease typically presents as unilateral tremor in the upper extremities, rigidity and bradykinesia. Of these, resting tremors are most characteristic of Parkinson disease. The re-emergent characteristic of the Parkinson disease tremor is a key feature which helps to differentiate it from essential tremor.
Tongue tremor may be an early sign of Parkinson disease. This observation illustrates that Parkinson disease rest tremor can affect various body parts, going from the classical asymmetrical hand or foot tremors to a much less common presentation such as head tremors.
Conflicts of interest. None declared
Sethi KD. Clinical aspects of Parkinson disease. Curr Opin Neurol 2002;15:457-60.[Google Scholar]
Jankovic J, Schwartz KS, Ondo W. Re-emergent tremor of Parkinson’s disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1999;67:646-50.[Google Scholar]
Jaulent P, Laurencin C, Robert H, Thobois S. Parkinson’s disease revealed by a resting tongue tremor. Mov Disord Clin Pract 2015;2: 432-3.[Google Scholar]